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ORAL HEALTH AND PREGNANCY

Oral Health

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Royal Dental Clinic

2019-10-13 08:09:26

As an expectant mother, you probably are aware of the changes that will happen to your body for the next nine months or so, but you might not know how oral health and pregnancy are related. The object of this article is to bring to your attention certain dental issues that might come with pregnancy.  The correlation might not be direct, however pregnancy may sometimes predispose people to certain dental problems.

Research findings

Research has found a link between gum disease in pregnant women and premature birth with low birth weight. Babies who are born prematurely may risk a range of health conditions including cerebral palsy and problems with eyesight and hearing. Estimates suggest that up to 18 out of every 100 premature births may be triggered by periodontal disease, which is a chronic infection of the gums.

Moreover, physiologic changes during pregnancy may result in noticeable changes in the oral cavity. These changes include pregnancy gingivitis, benign oral gingival lesions, tooth mobility, tooth erosion, dental caries, and periodontitis. It is important to reassure women about these various changes to the gums and teeth during pregnancy and to reinforce good oral health habits to keep the gums and teeth healthy.

Hormonal changes

Without hormones, you wouldn't be able to make a baby. With them, though, you feel a bit moodier, your bladder seems a lot smaller, and for some reason you constantly crave weird meals like peanut butter and pickles. Hormones also play a part in making your gums swell while pregnant, leading to a condition called pregnancy gingivitis. If you notice that your gums are bleeding more frequently during pregnancy, the Royal Dental Clinic recommends being proactive about it. Your dentist might recommend more frequent professional teeth cleanings, at least until your baby is born.

Preventive measures

Pregnancy does not automatically damage your teeth. The old wives' tale that warns a woman to expect a lost tooth for every baby is false. If the mother's intake of calcium is inadequate during pregnancy, her bones – not her teeth – will provide the calcium her growing baby needs. This calcium loss is quickly made up after breastfeeding is stopped.  However, the demands of pregnancy can lead to particular dental problems in some women. With proper hygiene at home, increased uptake of calcium and professional help from your dentist, your teeth should remain healthy throughout pregnancy. 

Visiting your dentist

The dentist can be a great help in keeping your mouth (and your baby) healthy during pregnancy. Be sure to let your dentist know that you're pregnant as soon as you know. He or she may need to adjust the treatments or medications given to you, such as postponing certain procedures until after your baby is born to avoid taking any risks. According to Dr. Vitalis Ogolla, the second trimester is often the ideal time to have minor dental work performed, such as having a cavity filled, or a professional cleaning, if need be. Just be reassured that teeth cleaning and dental X-ray is safe while you are pregnant.


Oral health assessment and counseling during pregnancy

Pregnancy is a “teachable” moment when women are motivated to adopt healthy behavior. Dental and obstetric teams can be influential in helping women initiate and maintain oral health care during pregnancy to improve lifelong oral hygiene habits and dietary behavior for women and their families. For example, women with poor oral health may harbor high levels of Streptococcus mutans in their saliva. These bacteria can be transmitted to their infants during common parenting behavior, such as sharing spoons or licking pacifiers. Minimizing the number of cariogenic bacteria in pregnant mothers through good oral health may delay or prevent the onset of colonization of these bacteria in their infants.

 


ORAL HEALTH AND PREGNANCY

Oral Health

No Image

Royal Dental Clinic

2019-10-13 08:08:00

As an expectant mother, you probably are aware of the changes that will happen to your body for the next nine months or so, but you might not know how oral health and pregnancy are related. The object of this article is to bring to your attention certain dental issues that might come with pregnancy.  The correlation might not be direct, however pregnancy may sometimes predispose people to certain dental problems.

Research findings

Research has found a link between gum disease in pregnant women and premature birth with low birth weight. Babies who are born prematurely may risk a range of health conditions including cerebral palsy and problems with eyesight and hearing. Estimates suggest that up to 18 out of every 100 premature births may be triggered by periodontal disease, which is a chronic infection of the gums.

Moreover, physiologic changes during pregnancy may result in noticeable changes in the oral cavity. These changes include pregnancy gingivitis, benign oral gingival lesions, tooth mobility, tooth erosion, dental caries, and periodontitis. It is important to reassure women about these various changes to the gums and teeth during pregnancy and to reinforce good oral health habits to keep the gums and teeth healthy.

Hormonal changes

Without hormones, you wouldn't be able to make a baby. With them, though, you feel a bit moodier, your bladder seems a lot smaller, and for some reason you constantly crave weird meals like peanut butter and pickles. Hormones also play a part in making your gums swell while pregnant, leading to a condition called pregnancy gingivitis. If you notice that your gums are bleeding more frequently during pregnancy, the Royal Dental Clinic recommends being proactive about it. Your dentist might recommend more frequent professional teeth cleanings, at least until your baby is born.

Preventive measures

Pregnancy does not automatically damage your teeth. The old wives' tale that warns a woman to expect a lost tooth for every baby is false. If the mother's intake of calcium is inadequate during pregnancy, her bones – not her teeth – will provide the calcium her growing baby needs. This calcium loss is quickly made up after breastfeeding is stopped.  However, the demands of pregnancy can lead to particular dental problems in some women. With proper hygiene at home, increased uptake of calcium and professional help from your dentist, your teeth should remain healthy throughout pregnancy. 

Visiting your dentist

The dentist can be a great help in keeping your mouth (and your baby) healthy during pregnancy. Be sure to let your dentist know that you're pregnant as soon as you know. He or she may need to adjust the treatments or medications given to you, such as postponing certain procedures until after your baby is born to avoid taking any risks. According to Dr. Vitalis Ogolla, the second trimester is often the ideal time to have minor dental work performed, such as having a cavity filled, or a professional cleaning, if need be. Just be reassured that teeth cleaning and dental X-ray is safe while you are pregnant.


Oral health assessment and counseling during pregnancy

Pregnancy is a “teachable” moment when women are motivated to adopt healthy behavior. Dental and obstetric teams can be influential in helping women initiate and maintain oral health care during pregnancy to improve lifelong oral hygiene habits and dietary behavior for women and their families. For example, women with poor oral health may harbor high levels of Streptococcus mutans in their saliva. These bacteria can be transmitted to their infants during common parenting behavior, such as sharing spoons or licking pacifiers. Minimizing the number of cariogenic bacteria in pregnant mothers through good oral health may delay or prevent the onset of colonization of these bacteria in their infants.

 


Cavities: Causes, Treatment & Prevention

Oral Health

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Royal Dental Clinic

2019-10-06 23:21:35

 

Cavities are holes that develop on teeth as a result of decay. They can cause symptoms including toothache. Without treatment, cavities can worsen over time and cause other problems. Practicing good oral hygiene is the best way to prevent them.

Tooth decay occurs from a buildup of dental plaque in the mouth. This can damage the tooth structure over time.

It is possible for this damage to become permanent. Holes can then develop on the tooth, and these holes are what tooth cavities are.

Several treatments, such as fillings, are available. However, the most effective way to treat tooth cavities is to prevent them from occurring in the first place. This is possible by keeping the mouth and teeth clean.

It will also help to avoid certain foods, such as those high in sugar. Consuming too much of these foods can cause the buildup of plaque that leads to tooth cavities.

Tooth cavities do not always cause symptoms, so it is important to visit Royal Dental Clinic regularly.

Causes

The mouth contains a large number of bacteria, some of which can be harmful. They form a thin, colorless layer over the top of the teeth. This is dental plaque.

Over time, it is possible for plaque to build up. For example, this may occur due to a person regularly consuming foods high in sugar and starch.

Repeated exposure to the acid from plaques can damage tooth enamel. Enamel is the protective outer layer covering the teeth. Tooth decay depletes the minerals present in enamel.

While the enamel can repair some of this damage itself, the decay can eventually lead to tooth cavities. This occurs when permanent damage affects the enamel, causing holes to form on the surface of the tooth.

This decay can occur in people of all ages but is particularly common in children.

Symptoms

The main symptom of a tooth cavity is the hole itself, the size of which can vary. It is possible for cavities to occur without any further symptoms. In cases where other symptoms occur, they may include:

  • white, gray, brown, or black spots on the teeth
  • toothache
  • tooth sensitivity
  • bad breath

Without treatment, bacteria can spread to softer tissues inside the tooth. This can speed up tooth decay and cause toothaches to worsen. This can also lead to infections.

Prevention

Treatments for this damage can range from a filling to root canal treatment. The exact type of treatment will depend on the location and severity of the cavity.

However, tooth cavities are easily preventable. There are ways to prevent the buildup of plaque that causes tooth cavities.

Some prevention tips include:

  • using toothpastes and mouthwashes that contain fluoride
  • brushing the teeth twice per day, using a circular motion
  • gently brushing the gums
  • using interdental cleaners such as floss in the gap between teeth
  • avoiding foods and drinks high in sugar, such as fizzy drinks, particularly those without any nutritional value
  • limiting the intake of starchy foods
  • avoiding snacking between meals or just before bed
  • avoiding tobacco products
  • having regular checkups with a dentist

It is also possible to reverse tooth decay in the very early stages. Tooth enamel can repair minor damage itself by replacing lost minerals from saliva or fluoride.

Fluoride is a mineral that can reverse the damage of tooth decay. At Royal Dental, we often prescribe fluoride gel or other fluoride products for coating the teeth.

Fluoride treatments can strengthen enamel and protect teeth against damage from plaque. Along with possibly making dietary changes, using these fluoride treatments can help the teeth repair any minor damage from tooth decay.

As tooth cavities are more common in children, it is important for caregivers to check for early signs of tooth decay regularly. This includes looking for white, gray, brown, or black spots on the teeth. These are signs of mineral loss from tooth decay. 


10 Tips to Keep Your Teeth Healthy

Oral Health

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Royal Dental Clinic

2019-09-22 03:58:05

Achieving healthy teeth takes a lifetime of care. Even if you’ve been told that you have nice teeth, it’s crucial to take the right steps every day to take care of them and prevent problems. This involves getting the right oral care products, as well as being mindful of your daily habits.

1. Don’t go to bed without brushing your teeth

It’s no secret that the general recommendation is to brush at least twice a day. Still, many of us continue to neglect brushing our teeth at night. But brushing before bed gets rid of the germs and plaque that accumulate throughout the day.

2. Brush properly

The way you brush is equally important — in fact, doing a poor job of brushing your teeth is almost as bad as not brushing at all. Take your time, moving the toothbrush in gentle, circular motions to remove plaque. Unremoved plaque can harden, leading to calculus buildup and gingivitis (early gum disease).

3. Don’t neglect your tongue

Plaque can also build up on your tongue. Not only can this lead to bad mouth odor, but it can lead to other oral health problems. Gently brush your tongue every time you brush your teeth.

4. Use a fluoride toothpaste

When it comes to toothpaste, there are more important elements to look for than whitening power and flavors. No matter which version you choose, make sure it contains fluoride.

Fluoride is a leading defense against tooth decay. It works by fighting germs that can lead to decay, as well as providing a protective barrier for your teeth.

5. Treat flossing as important as brushing

Many who brush regularly neglect to floss. “Flossing is not just for getting those little pieces of food particles that may be getting stuck in between your teeth,” says Dr. Vitalis, BDS. “It’s really a way to stimulate the gums, reduce plaque, and help lower inflammation in the area.” Flossing once a day is usually enough to reap these benefits.

7. Consider mouthwash

Advertisements make mouthwash seem necessary for good oral health, but many people skip them because they don’t know how they work.

Mouthwash helps in three ways: It reduces the amount of acid in the mouth, cleans hard-to-brush areas in and around the gums, and re-mineralizes the teeth. Feel free to consult with Royal Dental for the specific mouthwash recommendations. Certain brands are best for children, and those with sensitive teeth. Prescription mouthwash is also available.

 8. Drink more water

Water continues to be the best beverage for your overall health — including oral health. Also, as a rule of thumb, Royal Dental recommends drinking water after every meal. This can help wash out some of the negative effects of sticky and acidic foods and beverages in between brushes.

9. Eat crunchy fruits and vegetables

Ready-to-eat foods are convenient, but perhaps not so much when it comes to your teeth. Eating fresh, crunchy produce not only contains more healthy fiber, but it’s also the best choice for your teeth

10. Limit sugary and acidic foods

Ultimately, sugar converts into acid in the mouth, which can then erode the enamel of your teeth. These acids are what lead to cavities. Acidic fruits, teas, and coffee can also wear down tooth enamel. While you don’t necessarily have to avoid such foods altogether, it doesn’t hurt to be mindful.


Your own everyday habits are crucial to your overall oral health. Still, even the most dutiful brushers and flosser need to see a dentist regularly. At minimum, you should see your dentist for cleanings and checkups twice a year. Not only can a dentist remove calculus and look for cavities, but they will also be able to spot potential issues and offer treatment solutions.

 

 


HOW DO ANIMALS KEEP THEIR TEETH CLEAN?

Oral Health

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Royal Dental Clinic

2019-09-12 23:31:13

Have you ever thought about how animals keep their teeth clean? 

Cats and Dogs

If you have a cat or a dog you’ve probably had to clean their teeth at some point with paste or dental treats to chew on. Most wild animals don’t have to worry about tooth decay, especially if they’re carnivorous predators who rip and tear at their food. That’s because they don’t eat a lot of carbohydrates and refined sugars – those tasty foods that are full of the sugars and starches that fill our mouths with cavity-creating bacteria.

Rodents and Rabbits

Other animals, like rodents, have teeth that grow continuously and have to be ground down by eating and gnawing on hard food. Sharks and alligators are constantly losing and growing new teeth!

If your teeth are always new it’s going to be difficult to have tooth decay. This is why otters can eat fish & eels and rabbits can eat grasses & plants (and lions can eat everyone else) without having to worry about going to the dentist!

Cows and Buffalo

The diet of some herbivores naturally cleans their teeth as they chew. Fibourous plants and an extended chew-time allows animals like cows to scrub their teeth as they eat.

Monkeys

Humans are not alone in caring for their teeth. Scientists have filmed macaque monkeys using hair to floss their teeth. Macaques living near a Buddhist shrine in Thailand even pull out visitors’ hair to use as floss! And like all good parents, these monkeys also teach their children how to floss. They slow down their flossing, make exaggerated movements, and repeat themselves while the younger monkeys watch.

So remind your patients, if a monkey can brush their teeth, so can they!

 


SWOLLEN GUMS; CAUSES, PREVENTION AND TREATMENT

Oral Health

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Royal Dental Clinic

2019-09-03 03:09:52

Swollen gums tend to be a sign of an underlying issue, such as gum disease or infection. Numerous issues can lead to swollen gums. Most of them relate to oral health or complications from oral health issues.

In this article, we cover the causes of swollen gums, as well as some treatment options and prevention.


Causes

Food particles stuck in the teeth

The cause of swollen gums may be simple, such as getting food particles stuck in the teeth.

For instance, eating popcorn may cause hard pieces of kernel to become stuck between the teeth, sometimes lodging in the gums. This can easily cause irritation and swelling in the area. Most of the time, these symptoms do not last long and will go away once the person brushes and flosses out the food particles.

Gingivitis

Gingivitis is a stage of gum disease that causes swelling and irritation in the gums. It is one of the most common conditions to cause swollen gums and will likely be what dentists at Royal Dental Clinic check for first.

A person may not know they have gingivitis and only feel mild pain or sensitivity. However, treatment is very important. Without treatment, gingivitis may develop into a serious infection in the gums, called periodontitis or periodontal disease.

A few other symptoms to look out for that may indicate periodontal disease include:

  • A foul taste in the mouth
  • Very bad breath that persists after cleaning
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Loose teeth or tooth loss red
  • Painful gums
  • Pain when chewing
  • Bleeding gums 
  • Receding gums. 

Infections

Infections may occur in the mouth and lead to issues such as swelling in the gums.

For instance, chronic infections such as herpes may lead to complications that cause swollen gums. Also, oral thrush which is a yeast infection in the mouth — can cause symptoms including swelling.

Complications from infected teeth, such as an abscess, may also lead to swelling, particularly in one area of the gums.

Pregnancy

Swollen gums may also occur when a person is pregnant, even if they have perfect oral health.

Pregnancy causes significant and rapid changes in hormones. These changing hormones may greatly increase blood flow to the gums, causing them to be more sensitive to swelling.

Other causes

Some other health issues may cause gum swelling, though they may be less common. Other possible causes of swollen gums include:

  • side effects from some medications
  • Malnutrition
  • sensitivity to oral products, such as ingredients in a toothpaste or mouthwash
  • wearing poorly fitting dentures, crowns, or other dental appliances
  • In every case, dentists at Royal Dental will review the person's other symptoms and go over their medical history with them to determine the underlying cause.


Treatments

 Medical treatment for swollen gums begins with seeing a dentist. 

Visit Royal Dental clinic for regular checkups and cleaning to help identify and prevent oral health issues before they cause problems. Our dentists will evaluate and recommend appropriate medication or treatment depending on the underlying cause. 

Medical treatments for oral issues may include:

  • Regular brushing of teeth is required plus a visit to the dentist to remove plaque buildup.
  • Proper diet and nutrition is essential to avoid bacterial infection while building up the immune system.
  • Mouth rinse can help eliminate bacterial growth. Mouth rinse can be bought over-the-counter while mouth rinse of salt and water helps relieve the swelling of gums.

Prevention

Taking steps to treat swollen gums is a key part of any dental treatment.

These measures may help prevent swelling or ease the symptom:

  • Brush regularly, at least twice each day or after every meal.
  • Floss regularly.
  • Use gentle oral products such as toothpaste and mouthwash.
  • Avoid sugary drinks, as they can contribute to bacteria buildup in the mouth.
  • Avoid tobacco, including smoking or chewing it.
  • Avoid alcohol and alcoholic mouthwashes, as the alcohol may dry out and irritate the gums.
  • Avoid sharp foods such as chips, seeds, and popcorn, which may get stuck in the teeth and cause pain.

It is important to note that these tips are only supplements to a proper diagnosis and treatment. Swollen or irritated gums typically signal an underlying issue.

Healthy gums are vital for healthy teeth, so never ignore swollen gums. At the first signs or discomfort of any kind Visit Royal Dental Clinic without delay or chat with us on WhatsApp!

 


HOW TO REDUCE THE COST OF DENTAL CARE

Oral Health

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Royal Dental Clinic

2019-08-26 22:38:21

Almost one in every 10 Kenyans lacks dental insurance. Even for those who have benefits, they may not cover the services they need, or they may be left with big out-of-pocket expenses. Doling out the cash to get a toothache treated can hurt almost as much as the tooth itself.

But ignoring dental problems or skipping preventive care can harm you more. Some studies suggest that chronic gum infection is associated with an increased risk for heart attack. So how can you maintain oral health without wrecking your budget? Consumer Reports’ experts recommend these steps:

Space It Out

The twice-a-year dental checkup has been the mainstay for decades. But there’s not much evidence that everyone needs to go that often. In one study, researchers looked at 16 years of insurance claims and found that for most nonsmokers in good health, one visit a year may prevent tooth loss just as well as a checkup every 6 months. People who smoke, have diabetes, or are prone to gum disease may need to see their dentists more than twice a year. The same goes for people who naturally build plaque and tartar fast.

Ask for discounts and avoid unnecessary care

Inquire about pricing and payment policies upfront before visiting your local dental care provider. The dental office may give you a discount if you immediately pay the full bill. The Royal Dental Clinic for example offer a discount of up to 60% on scaling and polishing/ Teeth cleaning, take advantage of such discounts. The same clinic allows free WhatsApp consultations. This can considerably reduce the cost of dental care.

Nonprofit programs.

Local community service organizations can be another source of reduced-priced dental care. There are also a number of national nonprofits that specialize in connecting low-income families to dentists and orthodontists who donate services. Sometimes dental clinics conduct outreaches as part of their Corporate Social Responsibilities. The Royal Dental Clinic does this more often, take advantage of such programs to get free dental care.

Consider dental savings plans.

 An alternative to dental insurance is a dental savings plan, which is like a dental membership club. In these plans, you pay an annual fee, usually much lower than the annual cost of dental insurance. Dentists who participate in the plan give you a 10% to 60% discount, though you pay more at the visit than you would with dental insurance. Your traditional health insurance may not cover dental care, but you can pay the dentist with a health savings account or flexible spending arrangement.

 Create an emergency dental fund

Put aside money every month, save towards emergencies that may involve dental care or treatment. “Unpredictable things happen, and you have to have a way to pay for it,” says Dr. Vitalis Ogolla of the Royal Dental Clinic.

Check community health centers. Some offer low-cost dental care, though they may have limited services and waiting lists. To find a center, call the local health department or county dental association.

Do your part

It bears repeating: Prevention is the best -- and cheapest -- medicine. Brush and floss every single day. Flossing prevents plaque and the cavities that follow it. Brushing keeps your teeth and gums healthy. Brush for a full two minutes — most of us stop after 30 seconds — twice each day with a soft-bristle manual or electric toothbrush, and floss before bed. Drink tooth-friendly beverages, including plain water. (Soda and drinks with lemon and lime can erode enamel and weaken teeth.) Increase your production of saliva, which helps protect teeth, with sugar-free hard candy and gum. Avoid sugary foods and drinks. See a dentist once a year — more often if you have periodontal disease or are still getting cavities.

 

 

 


SIMPLE WAYS TO PREVENT BLEEDING GUMS

Oral Health

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Royal Dental Clinic

2019-08-26 22:04:25

If you have noticed or suspect that you have bleeding gums then you need to take action quickly. The first sign you’ll see to indicate this condition is when you see blood mixed in with the toothpaste you spit out after brushing or sometimes you may see spots of blood on your dental floss.

Please be aware that this is not normal and should never be ignored as it is indicative of a wider problem. Gums which bleed every time you brush can become red, sore and inflamed and the condition can eventually lead to more serious issues such as gingivitis or periodontitis. Luckily there are things you can do to prevent this from happening in the first place.

Brush Carefully

The most common cause of bleeding gums is quite simply brushing too hard and too vigorously. Try using a softer toothbrush and brush up and down the teeth and not horizontally. Avoid brushing above the gum line.

Brush Regularly to Avoid Plaque Build Up

A build-up of plaque along the gum line contributes towards gum inflammation and can turn into tartar if not dealt with. Brush twice daily using a toothpaste containing fluoride and floss regularly or use interdental brushes to avoid a build-up of sticky plaque. Try to make sure you brush all your teeth as thoroughly as you can. Change your toothbrush every six months.

Stop Smoking

It may surprise you to learn that smoking can be a contributor to gum disease. At the very least it can lead to bad breath and unsightly staining so look into how you can be helped to stop smoking.

Take More Vitamin C

Vitamin C can help to fight off any infection which may be causing your gums to bleed. Foods rich in vitamin C include oranges, carrots and peppers.

Eating a healthy diet which is rich in vitamins, minerals and nutrients rather than one which is packed with sugar and carbohydrate will go a long way to keeping teeth and gums healthy.

Drink Green Tea

Drinking green tea several times a day can help with the healing process as it contains a natural antioxidant called catechin. Green tea can also help to combat bad breath.

Rinse with Salt Water

Salt water is one of the oldest tried and tested remedies for stopping bleeding. Mix with water and use as a mouthwash twice a day.

Cold Compress Treatment

If your gums are bleeding due to trauma or injury of some kind rather than gum disease it can help to apply a cold compress such as a cold cloth or ice pack to the gum line to help stop the flow of blood. If you bleed copiously with no obvious incidence of trauma or injury then see a doctor or dentist urgently.

If your gums bleed intermittently or without improvement within about a week, visit Royal Dental Clinic for a thorough teeth cleaning to remove any plaque and tartar.

Don’t Share Toothbrushes!

The mouth is naturally full of bacteria and if a partner or family member has any kind of oral problem or gum disease then if you share toothbrushes and even water glasses then there is a high risk of you developing gum disease.

Healthy gums are vital for healthy teeth, so never ignore bleeding gums. At the first sign of any bleeding or discomfort of any kind Visit Royal Dental Clinic without delay or chat with us on WhatsApp!

 


Dental Hygiene and Cancer

Dental Hygiene & Cancer

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Royal Dental Clinic

2019-08-02 06:52:14

Oral health is a key indicator of overall health, wellbeing and quality of life. Oral Health is defined as state of being free from chronic mouth pain, oral and throat cancer, oral infection and sores, gum disease, tooth decay, tooth loss, and other diseases and disorders that limit an individual’s capacity in biting, chewing, smiling, speaking, and psychosocial wellbeing.

Oral diseases are a major public health problem owing not only to their high prevalence and incidence mostly in a deprived and socially marginalized section of the society but also, among the socially affluent communities.

This trend is particularly worrying with the high rise in cancer cases, as research studies increasingly point to some connections between certain dental problems and cancer.  Researchers at the University of Helsinki and the Helsinki University Hospital, Finland, and the Karolinska Institutet, Sweden for example maintain that the bacteria that cause periodontitis, a disease affecting the tissues surrounding the teeth, seems to play a part also in the onset of pancreatic cancer.

The study published in the British Journal of Cancer, has for the first time proven the existence of a mechanism on the molecular level through which the bacteria associated with periodontitis, Treponema denticola (Td), may also have an effect on the onset of cancer. Researchers found that the primary virulence factor of the Td bacteria, the Td-CTLP proteinase (an enzyme), occurs also in malignant tumours of the gastrointestinal tract, for example, in pancreatic cancer.

The study demonstrated for the first time that the virulence factors of the central pathogenic bacteria underlying gum disease are able to spread from the mouth to other parts of the body, most likely in conjunction with the bacteria, and take part in central mechanisms of tissue destruction related to cancer.

More studies also suggest that people whose teeth and gums are in poor condition may be more susceptible to an oral virus that can cause certain mouth and throat cancers as diseased gums offer an "entry portal" for the viruses.

In all these studies what was more revealing was the connection between the degree of periodontitis and incidents of cancer. For instance, comparing the results of participants with higher levels of periodontitis against those with either mild or no periodontitis at their baseline showed a 24 percent higher tendency towards developing a form of cancer.

Following this line of reasoning, the researchers then studied the results of those participants with extreme levels of periodontitis. Those participants who have lost all of their teeth due to extreme conditions of advanced gum disease showed an astonishing 28 percent likelihood of cancer. Lung cancer proved to be the highest risk assessed, with colorectal cancer coming in second. While studying selected subgroup analyses, the researchers learned that participants registering the highest degree of advanced gum disease doubled their risk of lung cancer.

Granted, certain gaps still exist regarding the correlation between dental hygiene and cancer, but more researches are still being done to fill those gaps, but the preliminary findings should elicit adequate curiosity that can catalyze a behavior change in as far as dental hygiene is concerned. Prevention is better than cure.


How long do you have to wear braces?

Dental Braces

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Royal Dental Clinic

2019-07-27 01:29:44

Dental Braces

Dental braces (also known as braces, orthodontic cases, or cases) are devices used in orthodontics that align and straighten teeth and help position them with regard to a person's bite, while also aiming to improve dental health.

The following are some of the types of braces;

Metal Braces

Also known as traditional braces, Metal braces are made of high-quality stainless steel. They have two basic components. These are the metal bracket that is applied to the teeth and the bendable metal wire that is threaded through the brackets in order to apply even pressure to the teeth and ultimately move them.

Ceramic Braces

Also called clear braces, Ceramic braces are made out of a ceramic material that is the same color and has the same texture as teeth. This make it difficult to see the ceramic brackets on the teeth (virtually invisible). They are a popular choice for adults who prefer the subtle look compared to metal braces.

 Lingual Braces

Also called inside braces, lingual braces are custom made brackets designed to fit the contour on the inside of each tooth.  A wire joins the brackets together and pulls the teeth into position by pulling from the inside.  

Lingual braces are most common amongst patients who are self-conscious of how they will look with traditional braces, particularly in the workplace and social gatherings.  

Invisalign

This is the most common and the most effective system of invisible aligner “braces” on the market. While they are not ideal for every patient, they do provide a number of benefits, including the ability to completely remove the treatment to clean the teeth and the aligners when necessary. They are essentially invisible and once the patient is used to wearing them, they can be far more comfortable than metal braces.

 Which One Should you Choose?

It’s not just the aesthetics of the braces that will determine which one you choose. There are a few factors you should consider including cost, hygiene and the final result.

Aesthetics

In our experience, some patients worry unnecessarily about how they will look with braces. They can remain self-conscious about the braces long after everyone else has forgotten about them. But if the look of the braces is a concern for you, then consider lingual or ceramic braces that are invisible or hardly noticeable.

Budget

Some treatment options are more expensive than others. Due to the technology required to customize the brackets and the time it takes in the lab to make the brackets, the cost of lingual braces is higher than other orthodontic treatments. Ceramic braces are more expensive than metal braces due to the materials.

Dental Hygiene

All braces require extra dental care by the patient. Braces need more attention to brushing and flossing to ensure teeth don’t stain around the braces. Some children need to wait a while before braces to improve their commitment to teeth brushing.

The final result can be determined by the treatment method you choose. Deciding on the best method of treatment is usually a collaborative decision. Our orthodontist will advise which options are available to you after an examination. If you prefer a treatment method, let our orthodontist know and ask their opinion.

How long do you have to wear braces?

Our Orthodontist will take pictures and X-rays of your jaws/teeth and create a custom treatment plan for you. These factors will influence the amount of time you’ll need to wear Dental Braces.

Severity of the Case

Mild spacing/crowding can be fixed in a year or less, while severe cases could take much longer.

Age

Young patients (teens and children) tend to get results faster than adults because their jaws are still growing, making the teeth easier to manipulate.

Patient Compliance

An orthodontic patient needs to follow all instructions provided by his or her orthodontist to ensure a successful treatment. That includes maintaining proper oral hygiene, keeping your dental appointments and use your orthodontic appliance as directed.


TOOTH SENSITIVITY - CAUSES AND TREATMENT

Oral Health

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Royal Dental Clinic

2019-07-19 06:10:45

Tooth sensitivity is a common dental problem that involves discomfort or pain in teeth when encountering certain substances and temperatures. The pain is often sharp, and it hits you right in the nerves of your teeth.

Dr. Edon Nyagudi explains, “Sensitivity occurs when the enamel that protects our teeth gets thinner, or when gum recession occurs, exposing the underlying surface, the dentin, thus, reducing the protection the enamel and gums provide to the tooth and root. This makes it easy for hot, cold, sweet or very acidic foods and drinks to pass through the tubules, making us feel this huge amount of pain.”

Some factors which can contribute to tooth sensitivity include;

Brushing too hard

Brushing your teeth with too much force, or with a hard-bristle toothbrush, may wear down tooth enamel, expose the dentin and cause tooth sensitivity. The simplest solution is to switch to a toothbrush with softer bristles and to be gentler when brushing.

Gum disease

Having a gum disease like gingivitis can make your teeth sensitive due to the loss of supporting ligaments caused by sore and inflamed gums. Receding gums, which are increasingly common with age can also cause tooth sensitivity.

Tooth grinding

Even though tooth enamel is the strongest substance in your body, grinding your teeth can wear down the enamel hence exposing the dentin. Talk to Royal Dental about finding a mouth guard that can stop you from grinding. The best guards are custom-made to fit your bite, Dr. Miriam says.

Cracked teeth

A chipped or cracked tooth can cause pain that goes beyond tooth sensitivity. Cracked tooth can become filled with bacteria from plaque and cause inflammation in the pulp of the tooth. In more severe cases, it may lead to infection. Our dentists will need to evaluate your tooth and decide the right course of treatment, such as a cap or an extraction.

Excessive plaque

The purpose of flossing and brushing is to remove plaque that forms after you eat. An excessive buildup of plaque can cause tooth enamel to wear away. Again, your teeth can become more sensitive as they lose protection provided by the enamel. The solution is to practice good daily dental care and visit Royal dental clinic for cleaning every six months.

Long-term use of mouthwash

Some over-the-counter mouthwashes contain acids. If dentin is exposed, the acids can make existing tooth sensitivity worse and also further damage the dentin layer.  

Acidic Foods

Foods that are very acidic such as pickles, lemons, and pineapple can make your enamel erode hence causing teeth sensitivity.

Tooth whitening toothpaste

Many manufacturers add tooth-whitening chemicals to their toothpaste formulas, and some people are more sensitive to them than others. If your toothpaste contains whitening agents, consider switching to one that doesn’t.

You’ve had a dental procedure

It’s common to experience some sensitivity after procedures such as professional teeth-whitening. This is usually a temporary tooth sensitivity that goes away shortly after a day.  If symptoms don’t disappear after a short time, you should schedule another visit to your dentist, as it could be a sign of infection.

 Treatment

Fortunately, sensitive teeth can be treated and the condition can improve.

If you have sensitive teeth, don’t neglect your daily oral care routine. Just be sure to use a soft toothbrush and soft floss. You can also try desensitizing toothpastes. Several brands are available, and you should notice some improvement with regular use of any of them.

If your sensitivity is extreme and persists no matter what steps you take, you’ll need to visit Royal Dental clinic for an evaluation. Our dentists will determine the most likely cause of your teeth sensitivity and the best solution for your particular situation. Just remember that you can always walk in for consultations at the Royal Dental Clinic.

 

 

 

 


THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TEETH CLEANING AND TEETH WHITENING

Teeth Cleaning Vs Teeth whitening

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Royal Dental Clinic

2019-07-04 01:51:56

Teeth cleaning and teeth whitening are two types of dental procedures that confuse patients. However, these procedures and their goals are actually quite different.

The primary goal of teeth cleaning is to remove plaque and tartar from the surface of the teeth, in order to prevent tooth decay and gum disease.

The main objective of teeth whitening is to remove stains for cosmetic purposes. Teeth cleaning is important for the ongoing health of your teeth and gums, whereas teeth whitening procedures are purely cosmetic.

​Professional Teeth Cleanings

Professional cleanings are typically performed to clean and polish teeth. Dentists generally recommend a thorough and professional cleaning every 6 months, though some patients may need cleanings more often if they are prone to decay or have a history of gum disease.

​Types of Teeth Cleaning

Prophylaxis

Prophylaxis is a fancy name for a routine teeth cleaning procedure. This is the standard type of cleaning procedure that most patients undergo every 6 months or so at Royal Dental clinic.

Typically, prophylaxis starts with your dentist using a series of scrapers and picks to remove tartar and plaque from your teeth. Plague is the sticky substance that you regularly brush off with your toothbrush. It is a combination of sugars, bacteria, and the acid that bacteria secrete. If left on your teeth for too long, it hardens into a substance called tartar, which cannot be removed with brushing alone but only with a dentists specialized tools. Tartar often forms along the gum line and along the sides of teeth where they meet.

When your dentist has finished gently scraping tartar from teeth, he or she will generally uses a polishing tool to remove surface stains and any lingering plaque from the teeth’s surface. This polishing tool is generally made from a firm rubberized material, and spins in a circle to polish teeth. 

Though some patients may feel slight discomfort during prophylaxis, particularly if the gums are sore due to gingivitis, the procedure is relatively painless and therefore no anesthesia or numbing agents are required. You can expect your prophylaxis treatment to take about 20 to 45 minutes, depending on the amount of tartar accumulation you have and amount of time between cleaning appointments.

Root Scaling and Planing

Root scaling and planing is sometimes called “deep cleaning” or “advanced cleaning.” This type of cleaning procedure is often recommended for patients who are showing signs of gum disease. Gum disease is an infection of the gums that results in swelling, soreness, and the development of pockets between the gums and teeth. It is caused by plaque and tartar that have not been removed with good dental hygiene and regular prophylaxis.

Root scaling is performed with similar tools to prophylaxis, but we will use the scalers to clean below the gum line. Local anesthetic is generally used to numb the area that’s being cleaned. With advanced gum disease cases, you may need to come back for several scaling appointments. Your dentist will focus on one segment of your mouth at each appointment.

Gums are likely to be sore and sensitive once the anesthesia wears off following your root scaling procedure. However, with proper brushing, flossing, and mouthwash use, this soreness (and your gum disease) should begin to subside.

Some signs that you may need a dental scaling procedure, rather than just standard prophylaxis, include:

·         Your gums are red, swollen, and sore.

·         Your gums bleed whenever you brush or floss.

·         Your teeth have begun to feel loose in your jaw.

·         You can see pockets forming between your teeth and gums.

·         You have chronic bad breath that does not go away after brushing, flossing, or using mouthwash.

​Goals and Benefits of Teeth Cleaning

After you have your teeth cleaned, you are likely to notice that they are a bit whiter. This is because the tartar that were removed had a yellow tint to it. However, whiter teeth are not the primary goal of dental teeth cleanings (but rather a positive side effect). The primary goals of prophylaxis and deep cleanings when needed are:

·         ​Prevention of tooth decay that results from excessive plaque and tartar buildup.

·         Prevention and relief from gum disease.

·         Relief from bad breath.

·         Detection of more serious dental issues. We will screen your mouth for signs of decay, oral cancer, and other problems during and after your cleaning appointment.

·         Regular preventative dental care can go a long way towards limiting cavities and tooth loss down the road.

​Why Teeth Whitening?

Teeth whitening is actually a group of procedures that can be conducted with the goal of yielding whiter, brighter teeth. At Royal Dental, we remove stains caused by coffee, red wine, smoking, and general exposure to food and plaque over a lifetime. These procedures do not have specific health benefits, but rather they are performed for cosmetic purposes. 

It’s common for patients to wonder if they should have their teeth cleaned prior to getting a whitening procedure performed. In most cases, the answer is “yes.” As mentioned above, dental cleaning does often result in somewhat whiter teeth. Plus, many whitening treatments are more effective on clean teeth.

​Types of Teeth Whitening

There are several different types of teeth whitening treatments, some of which are performed at home and others that can only be administered by a professional Royal Dentist.

Teeth whitening is generally safe. However, if you have a history of tooth sensitivity or weak enamel, you may not be a good candidate. If you choose to undergo a professional whitening treatment, we first evaluate the condition of your teeth to make sure it’s safe to proceed. If you want to use over-the-counter whitening strips and trays, it’s a good idea to check with us before you begin using these products.

To help you decide which type of whitening treatment is right for you, here’s a closer look at the most common options –

In-Office Laser Whitening

If you have more serious dental staining or very yellow teeth, the best teeth whitening treatment is one performed by your dentist. Laser bleaching is one of the most common in-office whitening treatments offered at Royal

We use zoom whitening technology. The complete procedure takes less than an hour, but a regular teeth cleaning is recommended prior to the actual Zoom teeth whitening session. The procedure begins with a short preparation to cover the lips and gums, leaving the teeth exposed. The dentist then applies the Zoom hydrogen peroxide whitening gel, which works together with the Zoom light to penetrate the teeth and break up the stains and discoloration. The gel remains in place for 15 minutes while the light is activated. During this time, you can relax, watch TV or listen to music.

The gel is applied for three 15-minute sessions of light activation, for a total treatment time of 45 minutes. Individuals with a strong gag reflex or anxiety may have difficulty undergoing the entire procedure. Immediately afterwards, a sensitivity-reducing fluoride paste-gel is applied to the teeth.

​Over-The-Counter Whitening Strips and Trays

You can find numerous brands of whitening strips and trays available over-the-counter at our facilities.

Over-the-counter whitening strips and trays may be the best teeth whitening treatment if you only wish to lighten your teeth a few shades without deep-set stains to worry about. A part from strictly adhering to the instructions it’s also important to consult with us. Our dentist will factor in your oral health and personal needs when recommending products.

​Goals and Benefits of Teeth Whitening

The primary benefit of teeth whitening is, of course, a whiter and brighter smile. This can boost your self-confidence and also help inspire you to take better care of your teeth going forward! If you are proud of your white, bright smile, you may be more inspired to brush, floss, and schedule cleaning appointments every 6 months. By keeping your teeth clean and avoiding foods that stain (think coffee and wine), your whitening results should last for years.
Some reasons you may want to undergo teeth whitening include:

·         ​You are embarrassed to smile because of yellow or stain teeth.

·         You have been using whitening toothpastes and rinses but have not noticed an improvement.

·         You have a special occasion (like a wedding or graduation) coming up, and you want to look your very best.

 

At Royal Dental Clinic, we are happy to give you a better idea of how these procedures differ and which may be better suited to your needs. We’re also available for same day cleaning and dental checkups. Call /WhatsApp: 0787-181-835 for more information. 


TIPS TO CHOOSE THE RIGHT TOOTHPASTE

Oral Health

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Royal Dental Clinic

2019-07-02 06:54:46

The origin of toothpaste

We are all familiar with toothpaste but do you really know how the paste evolved into what it is today? Well, here is a brief history of toothpaste.

Early Egyptians since 5000BC invented a cleaning powder used for cleaning the teeth. Like more modern tooth powders and pastes, it contained an abrasive, but the Egyptians made theirs from crushed pumice, powdered, burnt eggshells, myrrh and the ashes of ox hooves!

The Romans, Greeks and Chinese invented their own version of tooth powder. It used crushed oyster shells and bones as an abrasive. Some included better tasting ingredients such as powdered fruit, honey and dried flowers. Take a look at the timeline below to learn about the evolution of modern toothpaste.

It has been reported that an Iraqi musician in the 9th century actually designed the first toothpaste which was apparently so pleasant to use that its use spread right through to Spain under Moorish influence. The exact ingredients of this toothpaste are unknown but it was reported to have been both functional and pleasant to taste.

Take a look at the timeline below to learn about the evolution of modern toothpaste.

1800s - “Modern” toothpastes, usually in powder form, were invented.
 
1824 - Dr. Peabody added soap to toothpaste. 

1850s - Dr. John Harris added chalk to toothpaste.
1873 - Colgate mass-produced the first toothpaste in a jar.

1892 - Dr. Washington Sheffield invented the collapsible tube.

1914 - Fluoride was added to toothpaste.

Modern Toothpastes

The most recent developments to toothpaste include whitening formulas and additives to protect against gum disease, plaque and bad breath. Toothpaste help to clean your teeth and keep your breath fresh.  There are different kinds of toothpastes for different and specific purposes. The right toothpaste can play a critical role in oral health, but it can be difficult to know what product is best. In this article we explain how you can choose the best toothpaste for your needs and preferences.

Basic Toothpaste Ingredients

Toothpastes are made of two kinds of ingredients: active and inactive. Active ingredients are those that have a therapeutic effect or make the toothpaste "work." Inactive ingredients improve the taste or ease of use of the toothpaste. Common inactive ingredients include flavoring and thickening agents, abrasives and detergents.

While most toothpastes have similar basic ingredients, some contain an extra active ingredient to treat specific problems. Here are a few tips on how to choose the right toothpastes; 

Check for fluoride content

Fluoride is an essential ingredient to look out for when buying toothpaste.

Toothpaste that is fortified with fluoride is quite useful for those who are prone to cavities and those with dry mouth.  Fluoride helps in strengthening and nourishing the tooth enamel as well as protecting it from cavities, enamel erosion, and decay. The recommended fluoride content is 500 ppm (parts per million) for children under 3, 1000 ppm for children aged 3-6 and 1450 ppm for people aged 6 and upwards.

 Choose based on Specific needs

Always choose a toothpaste that meets your individual needs. If you find that the thick white paste of toothpaste is distasteful, or that it has odd taste, consider using flavorless toothpaste or one that contains a flavor that you like. Choosing toothpaste with your favorite flavor is crucial as it can encourage you or your kids to brush more often.

Individuals with dental problems should choose a toothpaste that contains an extra active ingredient to treat specific problems. Most toothpaste tends to target one or more of the following conditions or needs;

 Toothpastes for sensitive teeth

These are toothpastes specifically designed to ease tooth sensitivity ranging from mild to severe pain. If you suffer from sensitive teeth, Potassium Nitrate and Stannous Fluoride are the ingredients to look for when choosing a toothpaste. They help to prevent nerves in your teeth from sending signals to your brain triggered by certain stimuli, such as sensations of hot and cold.

However, some people may not get enough relief from desensitizing toothpastes. If this is the case, consider visiting Royal Dental. Our dentists will help identify the underlying causes of the discomfort in your teeth and recommend appropriate treatment.

 Toothpastes for Whitening

Whitening toothpastes can be used for those looking to have a shining, radiant smile. It gives you an extra boost to the brightness of your smile.

Although whitening toothpaste can never replace the professional whitening of a dentist, it helps to prevent surface stains that can cause your teeth to lose its brightness.

Look for mild abrasives ingredients such as magnesium carbonate, hydrated aluminum oxides and calcium carbonate. Toothpaste containing hydrogen peroxide ingredient also have excellent whitening effect on teeth when used over a longer period.

It’s important to note that before you pick up a toothpaste that contains abrasive agents, check its Relative Dentin Abrasivity (RDA) level. A toothpastes that has a higher RDA may damage the teeth and gums.

 Toothpastes for Bad breath

Toothpaste that eliminates bad breath should do so by targeting the bacteria that causes plaque. It should prevent gum diseases and tooth decay, which can also cause bad breath and other common causes of halitosis.

They contain antibacterials, such as chlorhexidine digluconate, cetylpyridinium chloride and Sodium fluoride which has the ability to eliminate the harmful bacteria that cause plaque.

However, if you’re experiencing persistent bad breath even after brushing, it is important to Royal Dental. Our dentists will help identify and fix the root causes of your bad breath.

Herbal toothpastes

Herbal toothpaste use natural ingredients and herbs to remove the plaque, freshen our breath and also prevent various gum diseases. They are free of artificial chemicals, flavoring and dyes.

The ingredients found in natural toothpastes vary widely but often include baking soda, aloe, eucalyptus oil, myrrh, plant extract (strawberry extract), and essential oils such as Peppermint and spearmint which helps in destroying the bacteria. Many natural toothpastes use natural ingredients like hydrated silica to whiten teeth, which is gentler on your teeth than artificial bleaching agents found in common toothpastes

Charcoal toothpaste

Charcoal toothpaste is made with activated charcoal, a form of the chalky carbon that’s been treated to become extra porous. And because it's porous, it's able to attract toxins. The theory is that activated charcoal will grab onto stains and germs, leaving you with a whiter, cleaner smile.

Toothpaste flavors

Once upon a time, toothpaste just tasted like...toothpaste.
For many years, the only flavor choices were mint, and perhaps peppermint or spearmint.
The old standbys remain popular, but these days, toothpastes also come in spicy flavors such as fennel or cinnamon-clove, or even in fruit flavors such as apricot or peach.
Recently, toothpastes have adopted more trendy flavors. Many of these include artificial sweeteners. These also make the toothpaste taste better the flavors include: bubblegum, cinnamon, lemon-lime among others. These types of toothpaste are especially important when introducing young children to oral health.


With so many toothpaste options on the market, it is important to reading labels carefully and understanding what each ingredient does. If you’re still unsure, please consult with Royal Dental Clinic. Our dentist will factor in your oral health and personal needs when recommending products.

You can also benefit from our FREE WHATSAPP CONSULTATION


WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT GUM DISEASE

GUM DISEASE

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Royal Dental Clinic

2019-06-30 22:58:35

Most adults in Kenya have gum disease to some degree, and most people experience it at least once. It's much less common in children. Gum disease refers to the inflammation of the soft tissue (gingiva) and abnormal loss of bone that surrounds the teeth and holds them in place. 

Gum disease is caused by toxins secreted by bacteria in "plaque" that accumulate over time along the gum line. This plaque is a mixture of food, saliva, and bacteria.

The first stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis, which fortunately is reversible.  If left untreated, gingivitis may lead to a more serious, destructive form of gum disease known as periodontitis. Dentists at the Royal Dental Clinic recommend regular check-ups, and examinations to prevent, detect and offer early treatment to gum disease.

Some of the preventive measures against gum disease include good oral hygiene, balanced diet, and regular dental visits. Early symptoms of gum disease include gum bleeding without pain. Pain is a symptom of more advanced gum disease as the loss of bone around the teeth leads to the formation of gum pockets. Bacteria in these pockets cause gum infection, swelling, pain, and further bone destruction. Advanced gum disease can cause loss of otherwise healthy teeth.

In case you have a problem with gum disease, kindly do not hesitate to visit the Royal Dental Clinic for thorough check-up and quality treatment. You can also benefit from free consultations on WhatsApp


EFFECTS OF THUMB SUCKING IN CHILDREN

Family & Child dentistry

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Royal Dental Clinic

2019-06-18 02:14:36

When children are born, they suck either their fingers, thumbs or tongue. 
This is largely done as a sense of security and most kids will stop between ages 3-5 years.

Children who continue beyond 5 years, depending on the posture, force or frequency of the sucking, may have their upper jaw getting lengthened or teeth being protruded/crooked. 

The front upper jaw assumes posture of the fingers being sucked thus growing both forward and downward.
The lower front teeth gets pushed back. As a result, an open bite forms, i.e. the inability of upper and lower teeth meeting.

PREVENTION 
Help your child break the habit. 
Often times such children are lonely, stressed or lack attention, hence seeking solace in the sucking.
Provide calmness and comfort.

It’s worth noting that not all cases are due to habits. Some are created by skeletal challenges which could be genetic. These may require surgery to correct. 

TREATMENT 
If the damage is done, treatment is necessary using braces to correct the anomaly while attempting to stop the cause. 
Foregoing treatment means inability to bite with the front teeth which are best designed for biting hence leading to strains on the jaw.
Such teeth are also prone to injuries as a result of struggling to close lips unintentionally. 
Gums also tend to be dry due to loss of saliva.


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