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TOOTH SENSITIVITY - CAUSES AND TREATMENT

Oral Health

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Royal Dental Clinic

2019-07-19 06:10:45

Tooth sensitivity is a common dental problem that involves discomfort or pain in teeth when encountering certain substances and temperatures. The pain is often sharp, and it hits you right in the nerves of your teeth.

Dr. Edon Nyagudi explains, “Sensitivity occurs when the enamel that protects our teeth gets thinner, or when gum recession occurs, exposing the underlying surface, the dentin, thus, reducing the protection the enamel and gums provide to the tooth and root. This makes it easy for hot, cold, sweet or very acidic foods and drinks to pass through the tubules, making us feel this huge amount of pain.”

Some factors which can contribute to tooth sensitivity include;

Brushing too hard

Brushing your teeth with too much force, or with a hard-bristle toothbrush, may wear down tooth enamel, expose the dentin and cause tooth sensitivity. The simplest solution is to switch to a toothbrush with softer bristles and to be gentler when brushing.

Gum disease

Having a gum disease like gingivitis can make your teeth sensitive due to the loss of supporting ligaments caused by sore and inflamed gums. Receding gums, which are increasingly common with age can also cause tooth sensitivity.

Tooth grinding

Even though tooth enamel is the strongest substance in your body, grinding your teeth can wear down the enamel hence exposing the dentin. Talk to Royal Dental about finding a mouth guard that can stop you from grinding. The best guards are custom-made to fit your bite, Dr. Miriam says.

Cracked teeth

A chipped or cracked tooth can cause pain that goes beyond tooth sensitivity. Cracked tooth can become filled with bacteria from plaque and cause inflammation in the pulp of the tooth. In more severe cases, it may lead to infection. Our dentists will need to evaluate your tooth and decide the right course of treatment, such as a cap or an extraction.

Excessive plaque

The purpose of flossing and brushing is to remove plaque that forms after you eat. An excessive buildup of plaque can cause tooth enamel to wear away. Again, your teeth can become more sensitive as they lose protection provided by the enamel. The solution is to practice good daily dental care and visit Royal dental clinic for cleaning every six months.

Long-term use of mouthwash

Some over-the-counter mouthwashes contain acids. If dentin is exposed, the acids can make existing tooth sensitivity worse and also further damage the dentin layer.  

Acidic Foods

Foods that are very acidic such as pickles, lemons, and pineapple can make your enamel erode hence causing teeth sensitivity.

Tooth whitening toothpaste

Many manufacturers add tooth-whitening chemicals to their toothpaste formulas, and some people are more sensitive to them than others. If your toothpaste contains whitening agents, consider switching to one that doesn’t.

You’ve had a dental procedure

It’s common to experience some sensitivity after procedures such as professional teeth-whitening. This is usually a temporary tooth sensitivity that goes away shortly after a day.  If symptoms don’t disappear after a short time, you should schedule another visit to your dentist, as it could be a sign of infection.

 Treatment

Fortunately, sensitive teeth can be treated and the condition can improve.

If you have sensitive teeth, don’t neglect your daily oral care routine. Just be sure to use a soft toothbrush and soft floss. You can also try desensitizing toothpastes. Several brands are available, and you should notice some improvement with regular use of any of them.

If your sensitivity is extreme and persists no matter what steps you take, you’ll need to visit Royal Dental clinic for an evaluation. Our dentists will determine the most likely cause of your teeth sensitivity and the best solution for your particular situation. Just remember that you can always walk in for consultations at the Royal Dental Clinic.

 

 

 

 


THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TEETH CLEANING AND TEETH WHITENING

Teeth Cleaning Vs Teeth whitening

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Royal Dental Clinic

2019-07-04 01:51:56

Teeth cleaning and teeth whitening are two types of dental procedures that confuse patients. However, these procedures and their goals are actually quite different.

The primary goal of teeth cleaning is to remove plaque and tartar from the surface of the teeth, in order to prevent tooth decay and gum disease.

The main objective of teeth whitening is to remove stains for cosmetic purposes. Teeth cleaning is important for the ongoing health of your teeth and gums, whereas teeth whitening procedures are purely cosmetic.

​Professional Teeth Cleanings

Professional cleanings are typically performed to clean and polish teeth. Dentists generally recommend a thorough and professional cleaning every 6 months, though some patients may need cleanings more often if they are prone to decay or have a history of gum disease.

​Types of Teeth Cleaning

Prophylaxis

Prophylaxis is a fancy name for a routine teeth cleaning procedure. This is the standard type of cleaning procedure that most patients undergo every 6 months or so at Royal Dental clinic.

Typically, prophylaxis starts with your dentist using a series of scrapers and picks to remove tartar and plaque from your teeth. Plague is the sticky substance that you regularly brush off with your toothbrush. It is a combination of sugars, bacteria, and the acid that bacteria secrete. If left on your teeth for too long, it hardens into a substance called tartar, which cannot be removed with brushing alone but only with a dentists specialized tools. Tartar often forms along the gum line and along the sides of teeth where they meet.

When your dentist has finished gently scraping tartar from teeth, he or she will generally uses a polishing tool to remove surface stains and any lingering plaque from the teeth’s surface. This polishing tool is generally made from a firm rubberized material, and spins in a circle to polish teeth. 

Though some patients may feel slight discomfort during prophylaxis, particularly if the gums are sore due to gingivitis, the procedure is relatively painless and therefore no anesthesia or numbing agents are required. You can expect your prophylaxis treatment to take about 20 to 45 minutes, depending on the amount of tartar accumulation you have and amount of time between cleaning appointments.

Root Scaling and Planing

Root scaling and planing is sometimes called “deep cleaning” or “advanced cleaning.” This type of cleaning procedure is often recommended for patients who are showing signs of gum disease. Gum disease is an infection of the gums that results in swelling, soreness, and the development of pockets between the gums and teeth. It is caused by plaque and tartar that have not been removed with good dental hygiene and regular prophylaxis.

Root scaling is performed with similar tools to prophylaxis, but we will use the scalers to clean below the gum line. Local anesthetic is generally used to numb the area that’s being cleaned. With advanced gum disease cases, you may need to come back for several scaling appointments. Your dentist will focus on one segment of your mouth at each appointment.

Gums are likely to be sore and sensitive once the anesthesia wears off following your root scaling procedure. However, with proper brushing, flossing, and mouthwash use, this soreness (and your gum disease) should begin to subside.

Some signs that you may need a dental scaling procedure, rather than just standard prophylaxis, include:

·         Your gums are red, swollen, and sore.

·         Your gums bleed whenever you brush or floss.

·         Your teeth have begun to feel loose in your jaw.

·         You can see pockets forming between your teeth and gums.

·         You have chronic bad breath that does not go away after brushing, flossing, or using mouthwash.

​Goals and Benefits of Teeth Cleaning

After you have your teeth cleaned, you are likely to notice that they are a bit whiter. This is because the tartar that were removed had a yellow tint to it. However, whiter teeth are not the primary goal of dental teeth cleanings (but rather a positive side effect). The primary goals of prophylaxis and deep cleanings when needed are:

·         ​Prevention of tooth decay that results from excessive plaque and tartar buildup.

·         Prevention and relief from gum disease.

·         Relief from bad breath.

·         Detection of more serious dental issues. We will screen your mouth for signs of decay, oral cancer, and other problems during and after your cleaning appointment.

·         Regular preventative dental care can go a long way towards limiting cavities and tooth loss down the road.

​Why Teeth Whitening?

Teeth whitening is actually a group of procedures that can be conducted with the goal of yielding whiter, brighter teeth. At Royal Dental, we remove stains caused by coffee, red wine, smoking, and general exposure to food and plaque over a lifetime. These procedures do not have specific health benefits, but rather they are performed for cosmetic purposes. 

It’s common for patients to wonder if they should have their teeth cleaned prior to getting a whitening procedure performed. In most cases, the answer is “yes.” As mentioned above, dental cleaning does often result in somewhat whiter teeth. Plus, many whitening treatments are more effective on clean teeth.

​Types of Teeth Whitening

There are several different types of teeth whitening treatments, some of which are performed at home and others that can only be administered by a professional Royal Dentist.

Teeth whitening is generally safe. However, if you have a history of tooth sensitivity or weak enamel, you may not be a good candidate. If you choose to undergo a professional whitening treatment, we first evaluate the condition of your teeth to make sure it’s safe to proceed. If you want to use over-the-counter whitening strips and trays, it’s a good idea to check with us before you begin using these products.

To help you decide which type of whitening treatment is right for you, here’s a closer look at the most common options –

In-Office Laser Whitening

If you have more serious dental staining or very yellow teeth, the best teeth whitening treatment is one performed by your dentist. Laser bleaching is one of the most common in-office whitening treatments offered at Royal

We use zoom whitening technology. The complete procedure takes less than an hour, but a regular teeth cleaning is recommended prior to the actual Zoom teeth whitening session. The procedure begins with a short preparation to cover the lips and gums, leaving the teeth exposed. The dentist then applies the Zoom hydrogen peroxide whitening gel, which works together with the Zoom light to penetrate the teeth and break up the stains and discoloration. The gel remains in place for 15 minutes while the light is activated. During this time, you can relax, watch TV or listen to music.

The gel is applied for three 15-minute sessions of light activation, for a total treatment time of 45 minutes. Individuals with a strong gag reflex or anxiety may have difficulty undergoing the entire procedure. Immediately afterwards, a sensitivity-reducing fluoride paste-gel is applied to the teeth.

​Over-The-Counter Whitening Strips and Trays

You can find numerous brands of whitening strips and trays available over-the-counter at our facilities.

Over-the-counter whitening strips and trays may be the best teeth whitening treatment if you only wish to lighten your teeth a few shades without deep-set stains to worry about. A part from strictly adhering to the instructions it’s also important to consult with us. Our dentist will factor in your oral health and personal needs when recommending products.

​Goals and Benefits of Teeth Whitening

The primary benefit of teeth whitening is, of course, a whiter and brighter smile. This can boost your self-confidence and also help inspire you to take better care of your teeth going forward! If you are proud of your white, bright smile, you may be more inspired to brush, floss, and schedule cleaning appointments every 6 months. By keeping your teeth clean and avoiding foods that stain (think coffee and wine), your whitening results should last for years.
Some reasons you may want to undergo teeth whitening include:

·         ​You are embarrassed to smile because of yellow or stain teeth.

·         You have been using whitening toothpastes and rinses but have not noticed an improvement.

·         You have a special occasion (like a wedding or graduation) coming up, and you want to look your very best.

 

At Royal Dental Clinic, we are happy to give you a better idea of how these procedures differ and which may be better suited to your needs. We’re also available for same day cleaning and dental checkups. Call /WhatsApp: 0787-181-835 for more information. 


TIPS TO CHOOSE THE RIGHT TOOTHPASTE

Oral Health

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Royal Dental Clinic

2019-07-02 06:54:46

The origin of toothpaste

We are all familiar with toothpaste but do you really know how the paste evolved into what it is today? Well, here is a brief history of toothpaste.

Early Egyptians since 5000BC invented a cleaning powder used for cleaning the teeth. Like more modern tooth powders and pastes, it contained an abrasive, but the Egyptians made theirs from crushed pumice, powdered, burnt eggshells, myrrh and the ashes of ox hooves!

The Romans, Greeks and Chinese invented their own version of tooth powder. It used crushed oyster shells and bones as an abrasive. Some included better tasting ingredients such as powdered fruit, honey and dried flowers. Take a look at the timeline below to learn about the evolution of modern toothpaste.

It has been reported that an Iraqi musician in the 9th century actually designed the first toothpaste which was apparently so pleasant to use that its use spread right through to Spain under Moorish influence. The exact ingredients of this toothpaste are unknown but it was reported to have been both functional and pleasant to taste.

Take a look at the timeline below to learn about the evolution of modern toothpaste.

1800s - “Modern” toothpastes, usually in powder form, were invented.
 
1824 - Dr. Peabody added soap to toothpaste. 

1850s - Dr. John Harris added chalk to toothpaste.
1873 - Colgate mass-produced the first toothpaste in a jar.

1892 - Dr. Washington Sheffield invented the collapsible tube.

1914 - Fluoride was added to toothpaste.

Modern Toothpastes

The most recent developments to toothpaste include whitening formulas and additives to protect against gum disease, plaque and bad breath. Toothpaste help to clean your teeth and keep your breath fresh.  There are different kinds of toothpastes for different and specific purposes. The right toothpaste can play a critical role in oral health, but it can be difficult to know what product is best. In this article we explain how you can choose the best toothpaste for your needs and preferences.

Basic Toothpaste Ingredients

Toothpastes are made of two kinds of ingredients: active and inactive. Active ingredients are those that have a therapeutic effect or make the toothpaste "work." Inactive ingredients improve the taste or ease of use of the toothpaste. Common inactive ingredients include flavoring and thickening agents, abrasives and detergents.

While most toothpastes have similar basic ingredients, some contain an extra active ingredient to treat specific problems. Here are a few tips on how to choose the right toothpastes; 

Check for fluoride content

Fluoride is an essential ingredient to look out for when buying toothpaste.

Toothpaste that is fortified with fluoride is quite useful for those who are prone to cavities and those with dry mouth.  Fluoride helps in strengthening and nourishing the tooth enamel as well as protecting it from cavities, enamel erosion, and decay. The recommended fluoride content is 500 ppm (parts per million) for children under 3, 1000 ppm for children aged 3-6 and 1450 ppm for people aged 6 and upwards.

 Choose based on Specific needs

Always choose a toothpaste that meets your individual needs. If you find that the thick white paste of toothpaste is distasteful, or that it has odd taste, consider using flavorless toothpaste or one that contains a flavor that you like. Choosing toothpaste with your favorite flavor is crucial as it can encourage you or your kids to brush more often.

Individuals with dental problems should choose a toothpaste that contains an extra active ingredient to treat specific problems. Most toothpaste tends to target one or more of the following conditions or needs;

 Toothpastes for sensitive teeth

These are toothpastes specifically designed to ease tooth sensitivity ranging from mild to severe pain. If you suffer from sensitive teeth, Potassium Nitrate and Stannous Fluoride are the ingredients to look for when choosing a toothpaste. They help to prevent nerves in your teeth from sending signals to your brain triggered by certain stimuli, such as sensations of hot and cold.

However, some people may not get enough relief from desensitizing toothpastes. If this is the case, consider visiting Royal Dental. Our dentists will help identify the underlying causes of the discomfort in your teeth and recommend appropriate treatment.

 Toothpastes for Whitening

Whitening toothpastes can be used for those looking to have a shining, radiant smile. It gives you an extra boost to the brightness of your smile.

Although whitening toothpaste can never replace the professional whitening of a dentist, it helps to prevent surface stains that can cause your teeth to lose its brightness.

Look for mild abrasives ingredients such as magnesium carbonate, hydrated aluminum oxides and calcium carbonate. Toothpaste containing hydrogen peroxide ingredient also have excellent whitening effect on teeth when used over a longer period.

It’s important to note that before you pick up a toothpaste that contains abrasive agents, check its Relative Dentin Abrasivity (RDA) level. A toothpastes that has a higher RDA may damage the teeth and gums.

 Toothpastes for Bad breath

Toothpaste that eliminates bad breath should do so by targeting the bacteria that causes plaque. It should prevent gum diseases and tooth decay, which can also cause bad breath and other common causes of halitosis.

They contain antibacterials, such as chlorhexidine digluconate, cetylpyridinium chloride and Sodium fluoride which has the ability to eliminate the harmful bacteria that cause plaque.

However, if you’re experiencing persistent bad breath even after brushing, it is important to Royal Dental. Our dentists will help identify and fix the root causes of your bad breath.

Herbal toothpastes

Herbal toothpaste use natural ingredients and herbs to remove the plaque, freshen our breath and also prevent various gum diseases. They are free of artificial chemicals, flavoring and dyes.

The ingredients found in natural toothpastes vary widely but often include baking soda, aloe, eucalyptus oil, myrrh, plant extract (strawberry extract), and essential oils such as Peppermint and spearmint which helps in destroying the bacteria. Many natural toothpastes use natural ingredients like hydrated silica to whiten teeth, which is gentler on your teeth than artificial bleaching agents found in common toothpastes

Charcoal toothpaste

Charcoal toothpaste is made with activated charcoal, a form of the chalky carbon that’s been treated to become extra porous. And because it's porous, it's able to attract toxins. The theory is that activated charcoal will grab onto stains and germs, leaving you with a whiter, cleaner smile.

Toothpaste flavors

Once upon a time, toothpaste just tasted like...toothpaste.
For many years, the only flavor choices were mint, and perhaps peppermint or spearmint.
The old standbys remain popular, but these days, toothpastes also come in spicy flavors such as fennel or cinnamon-clove, or even in fruit flavors such as apricot or peach.
Recently, toothpastes have adopted more trendy flavors. Many of these include artificial sweeteners. These also make the toothpaste taste better the flavors include: bubblegum, cinnamon, lemon-lime among others. These types of toothpaste are especially important when introducing young children to oral health.


With so many toothpaste options on the market, it is important to reading labels carefully and understanding what each ingredient does. If you’re still unsure, please consult with Royal Dental Clinic. Our dentist will factor in your oral health and personal needs when recommending products.

You can also benefit from our FREE WHATSAPP CONSULTATION


WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT GUM DISEASE

GUM DISEASE

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Royal Dental Clinic

2019-06-30 22:58:35

Most adults in Kenya have gum disease to some degree, and most people experience it at least once. It's much less common in children. Gum disease refers to the inflammation of the soft tissue (gingiva) and abnormal loss of bone that surrounds the teeth and holds them in place. 

Gum disease is caused by toxins secreted by bacteria in "plaque" that accumulate over time along the gum line. This plaque is a mixture of food, saliva, and bacteria.

The first stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis, which fortunately is reversible.  If left untreated, gingivitis may lead to a more serious, destructive form of gum disease known as periodontitis. Dentists at the Royal Dental Clinic recommend regular check-ups, and examinations to prevent, detect and offer early treatment to gum disease.

Some of the preventive measures against gum disease include good oral hygiene, balanced diet, and regular dental visits. Early symptoms of gum disease include gum bleeding without pain. Pain is a symptom of more advanced gum disease as the loss of bone around the teeth leads to the formation of gum pockets. Bacteria in these pockets cause gum infection, swelling, pain, and further bone destruction. Advanced gum disease can cause loss of otherwise healthy teeth.

In case you have a problem with gum disease, kindly do not hesitate to visit the Royal Dental Clinic for thorough check-up and quality treatment. You can also benefit from free consultations on WhatsApp


EFFECTS OF THUMB SUCKING IN CHILDREN

Family & Child dentistry

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Royal Dental Clinic

2019-06-18 02:14:36

When children are born, they suck either their fingers, thumbs or tongue. 
This is largely done as a sense of security and most kids will stop between ages 3-5 years.

Children who continue beyond 5 years, depending on the posture, force or frequency of the sucking, may have their upper jaw getting lengthened or teeth being protruded/crooked. 

The front upper jaw assumes posture of the fingers being sucked thus growing both forward and downward.
The lower front teeth gets pushed back. As a result, an open bite forms, i.e. the inability of upper and lower teeth meeting.

PREVENTION 
Help your child break the habit. 
Often times such children are lonely, stressed or lack attention, hence seeking solace in the sucking.
Provide calmness and comfort.

It’s worth noting that not all cases are due to habits. Some are created by skeletal challenges which could be genetic. These may require surgery to correct. 

TREATMENT 
If the damage is done, treatment is necessary using braces to correct the anomaly while attempting to stop the cause. 
Foregoing treatment means inability to bite with the front teeth which are best designed for biting hence leading to strains on the jaw.
Such teeth are also prone to injuries as a result of struggling to close lips unintentionally. 
Gums also tend to be dry due to loss of saliva.


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